The educational backgrounds of famous scientists

There’s no question that the quality and type of education people receive can have a profound impact on their learning, general outlook and future careers.

Interior education specialist highlights the importance of providing students with a well-designed learning space, noting that everything from classroom furniture to colour schemes can help to motivate people to learn.

Here, we take a look at a few of the most famous scientists of all time and trace their stories back to the educations they had and how this affected their subsequent work.

Sir Issac Newton

Born in 1643, Sir Issac Newton is best known for developing the law of universal gravitation. A pivotal figure in the scientific revolution of the 17th century, he also discovered the composition of white light, paving the way for the science of light and modern physical optics, while in mathematics, he discovered the infinitesimal calculus. His achievements earned him a knighthood in 1705, making him the first scientist to receive this honour.

These scientific endeavours are all the more remarkable given Sir Issac’s start in life. His father died before he was born and his mother left him with his grandmother when he was two. After a brief and unsuccessful stint trying to manage his family’s country estate, he was sent to grammar school and eventually matriculated at Trinity College, Cambridge. He was older than his fellow undergraduates because his education has been interrupted.

An individual thinker from the outset, he refused to stick to the outmoded Aristotelianism curriculum being taught at Cambridge and instead branched out to study the work of scientists and philosophers including Copernicus, Galileo and Descartes. By the time he received his bachelor’s degree in 1665, he had mastered his own version of the new philosophy and mathematics without formal guidance.

Marie Curie

The first woman to be awarded a Nobel Prize and the first person to receive two separate Nobels, Marie Curie was born in Poland in 1867. During her remarkable career, the physicist and chemist completed pioneering work in radioactivity and invented the first mobile X-ray machine. She was also the first female professor at the renowned Sorbonne University.

Showing signs of brilliance from a young age, she won a gold medal at 16 when she completed her secondary education at the Russian lycée. It looked like this could be the peak of her academic achievements after her father lost his savings through poor investments, forcing Marie to take up work as a governess in order to earn money. Determined to succeed however, she moved to Paris in 1891 and began to follow lectures at the Sorbonne. Often studying late into the night, she lived off little more than tea, bread and butter during this period.

Unperturbed though, she flourished as a scientist and within two years had earned a place working in a research lab. Her career then took off and in 1906 she became the first woman to teach at the Sorbonne.

Albert Einstein

Widely considered to be one of the world’s greatest revolutionary scientists, Albert Einstein was born in 1879 in Ulm, Germany. Best known for developing the special and general theories of relativity, the physicist won a Nobel Prize in 1921. His work transformed our understanding of physics and it remains the basis of many current lines of scientific investigation.

This great scientific thinker didn’t have the education you might expect however. Although he showed curiosity from a young age – developing a fascination with compasses and the invisible forces that cause their needles to move, and devouring the contents of a geometry book he was given at the age of 12 – he had a turbulent schooling. At the Luitpold Gymnasium he attended, one teacher told him he would never amount to anything. Later on, his education was disrupted by his father’s business failures, which left the young Einstein in a boarding house, separated from his family and expected to finish his schooling alone. Unhappy, he ran away to rejoin his parents.

He eventually managed to get into the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School, which was later renamed the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology after it was awarded university status. Einstein graduated in 1900, but because of his tendency to cut classes and study advanced subjects independently, he was given a poor reference from a professor and was subsequently turned down for every academic job he applied for. It was during his spare time working in a patent office that he worked on his first scientific papers – and his career took off from this inauspicious beginning.

How A Church Directory Can Facilitate Community

The advent of the internet has brought a lot of useful resources across every discipline. This even includes theology. Online directories can be especially useful in facilitating community.

Help New Members Get Involved

If somebody wants to attend a new church, it can be difficult to get involved. She might sit in the back and leave without anybody interacting with her. But online directories can actually help with this. They will catalog the members so that the leadership can send out relevant information. The new members will receive the newsletters including information about small group sessions or volunteer opportunities.

Easier Than Paper Directories

There are times when the old ways work better. This is probably not one of them. It could be a hassle to update a paper directory. Many of the members will have older versions. Further, many people will just stuff the paper directory in a drawer somewhere and forget where it is. An online church directory will be easily accessible and updated.

Secure Network

The directory will not broadcast everything you are saying to the entire church. It functions sort of like an email account in that you can choose who you are contacting. Directories like this one use HTTPS protocol. When you are on a public WiFi network, hackers could attempt to steal the information you input on a website. They could access a directory and steal everybody’s contact information. An HTTPS protocol encrypts that information.


Churches often sponsor worthy causes or events. An online directory will create another outlet. First, you will be able to pitch your cause to the members. Beyond that, it has an advertising feature for a fundraising event.

Improve Attendance

Online directories actually have a calendar feature. Many come with push notifications that will alert members when there is an imminent event. Parishioners sometimes hear about a mid-week event on Sunday morning but then forget about it when the time comes. The calendar will serve as a reminder.

Establish Membership

Young people typically do not identify by their status. They identify by social causes and ethical positions. If an individual identifies by her church membership, that will generate commitment to the church. A directory can contribute to that because it is an official statement that this individual is a member.

Keeping Up With Trends

When people go to a church, they want to know that they will merge in comfortable. Among the younger generation, this means they will expect it to use technology. That does not mean the church has to change its fundamental message or core teachings. It only means that it should adapt to different methods of presentation. The Bible was the first book to be mass produced on the printing press.

An online directory is a very useful tool for facilitating community. People take pride in their membership and will enjoy seeing their names listed. The transition to a digital directory will make lives easier.

Tips to Buy the Right Fishing Reel for Fishing Adventure

Fishing is incomplete without selecting the right equipment. Regardless of your experience, successful fishing is incomplete without the right fishing stick. If you are confused in the selection of right fishing rod, you should focus on the fishing technique and kind of fish. For example, the fly fishing requires constant casting during a trolling call. There is no need to cast bait for ice fishing. For this type of fishing, short rods work well. While purchasing a fishing rod, you should keep the location of the fishery in your mind. The location plays an important role to cast a line.

Other than location, your equipment is also essential. Big fish requires thick rod along with different lures and baits. These lures and baits are designed to attract particular specimen. You have to be careful while choosing baits and lures. Size and design of your fishing rod are significant. The design can make it easy for you to use bait and cast one line. Some exclusive specimens of fish require special rod and hook to make it difficult for them to escape. It is important to learn techniques to control your bait and lure to improve fishing methods. Decide the type of fish you are interested in catching before purchasing a fishing rod.

Material for Fishing Reel

While comparing different rods, the material is an important consideration. The fishing rods are made of the various types of materials, such as:

  • Fiberglass: These rods are affordable and heavy as compare to other rods. These are recommended for new fishers to increase their confidence.
  • Graphite: These rods are lightweight and strong to provide better control over bait. You can use them to advance your angler tactics. These sticks are sensitive so that you can feel the weight of fish in the right way.
  • Bamboo: These rods are good for people who wanted to enjoy fly fishing. These are heavy than graphite and enables you to cast off smoothly. These rods demand a particular fishing technique.
  • Composite: These are made of graphite and fiberglass materials. These are robust and sensitive. Composite rods are ideal for catching large fishes that require sensitivity and strength.

Types of Fishing Rods

If you want to buy a right type of fishing rod, you should get information on their particular types. You can get two main types of fishing rods.

Spinning Rods

These rods can hold casting fishing reel on the lowermost. They have thin design from tip to handle. As compared to casting rods, these are lighter and smaller. If you need delicacies to bait and lure, spinning fishing rods can be an ideal tool. These types of rods are good to troll fishing because they curve to make your vigilant after getting a fish on the line. These are good to catch fish in freshwater.

Casting Rods

These rods are good to cast reel on the top. These types of rods are sturdy and heavy as compared to spinning rods. If you need a thick line to catch big fish, these rods are good for you. Casting rods are also known as spin casting and bait casting rods.

How to Use Sofas to decorate your living space?

Sofas are an important part of your living room because there are lots of uses of sofas. You can watch TV while sitting on the couch, can chat with friends or can relax for some time. The sofas should be comfortable enough to provide you a comfort zone. Your selected sofa should complement the style of your room. Sofas will be the focal point of your room, and its unique style can make a difference in the whole feel of the place. You can get different feelings from regal elegance to the family oriented vibe. You can buy sofas in various materials including best leather sofas, fabric or suede.

Size and Design of Sofa

It does not matter either you are looking for loveseat, settee or sectional sofa; you can still get every style on online sofa stores. The size and number of the sofas you purchased may depend on your budget, space and the family size. Before selecting any size and style of sofa, it will be good to consider the number of people you want to accommodate. You can buy oversized sectional, chaise loungers and recliners according to your needs.

Lots of trendy designs enable you to buy according to the space of your living room easily. It is not necessary to physically go to a store to buy perfect sofas because you can buy according to your needs from any online store.

Sofas and Sofa Beds

Sofas & Sofa Beds are used as seating cushions and couches surrounded by a metal frame. Sofa beds are available in different styles, sizes, and designs. You can buy sofas and sofa beds in various fashions categorized from chair sleepers to queen sleepers. All sofas and sofa beds contain an ordinary bar and canvas mechanism. These are convenient to buy because these can facilitate three or more persons at a time. You can buy loveseat sleepers or any other type according to your requirements.

If you want to buy comfortable sofas and sofa beds online, it is effortless to get one at an affordable price because on the internet; you will get lots of choices to buy best sofas from best sofas and sofas bed store. You will get huge collection and designs to choose one best design, and this will be an amazing experience to buy something unique for your living room.

Online shopping enables you to select from a huge collection, and to enjoy secure shopping, select a reliable source only. Online stores offer a vast collection of sofas and beds in different styles. Grabbing best sofas and sofa bed is effortless.

Corner Sofas

If you have some space in the corner of your living room and want to use this space creatively, you can buy corner sofa. Great varieties of corner sofas are available to make your free space more functional. Your selected sofa should be comfortable enough because everyone like to sit in a comfortable place. Always prefers to buy comfortable and durable corner sofas.

You can select your favorite style, as different styles and colors are available according to your preferences. It is really easy to pick your favorite shade and material for the corner sofa. Do not forget to consider other décor and theme of your living room while selecting any corner sofa. You can get maximum space to entertain guests with the help of corner sofas. Lots of corner sofas are available with foldable options, so that you can easily adjust sofas in a required space.

Democracy is not a cuddling corner

Democracy wants to be learned. In an aging society much more needs to be done for the political education of young people at the schools.

The number of young people is declining and their political weight is falling. It is therefore all the more important that young people can become conscious and active citizens in society and the state – a task for political education!

Democracy learning does not happen in everyday life and by itself, except for a few young people in a political environment (in politically interested families and with politically active friends). They are an additional aid to the school, but they are not dependent on their political education for appropriate teaching. But they are the exception, for the great majority of young people it is quite different!

In everyday life we ​​move as social beings, we live with others and pursue common goals and ideas. This social cohesion is self-evident, otherwise we could not exist. But the irritant is that social learning does not lead to political learning at the same time.

For example, in a recent study in Germany, KiJuB Berlin asked around 1500 young people whether they agreed with the following statement: “A viable democracy is unthinkable without political opposition.” Yes, about 70 percent of respondents agreed – so far so good. But two-thirds also agreed with this statement: “The task of the political opposition is not to criticize the government but to support it in its work.” They therefore demand cooperation, where conflict is the meaning of the thing! They advocate democracy, but they have an idyllic notion that democracy is a cuddling corner.

Arguing can be learned

How can this be explained? In our everyday communities, we live together and share common goals and ideas. This social closeness is characterized by harmony, to which we return in different contexts – or we separate. It is quite different in political democracy, in which the framework conditions for our social life are set. It is argued here: the competition for goals and ways, as well as the struggle for majorities for decisions, make democracy.

A dialectical relationship of conflict in the matter and consensus about the civilized carrying out of these conflicts preserves democracy. We can not get out, because we remain citizens, even if we are apathetic. The processes are often frustrating (one must be able to lose and still carry on), the connections are often very opaque (who can already understand the Ukraine conflict in its many conflict lines) and each of us is just one of millions with the same Rights and equal dignity.

What can school do? How can we achieve those who do not grow up on the sunny side of political interest and political participation? She will hardly be able to achieve any kind of instruction, for a political success is not easy to grasp, and certainly not just by listening. Two elements must be linked: action and reflection. Action is important because it takes the young people with them and makes them active. Reflection is important because it can point to a responsible direction, and because it makes it possible to act through insights into political mechanisms.

What is Terpene and how to use it effectively

Did you know that canabis can be used as a medical substance to treat mortal disease or can be use to ease the pain of cancer or any other medical purpose. Canabis is more than therapeutic compounds that used for getting high or simply amusement substance. With science and technology, we gain better understanding of cannabis and know about more than simply cannabinoid content that used for getting high.

Another substances in canabis are terpenes, the fragrant oils that gives its unique aroma and signature smell. Cannabis Terpenes are secreted in the flower sticky resin glands that provides Blueberry with its signature smell, lavender with beautiful smell and many other herbs, fruits and plants as well. The flower sticky resin glands are also the same glands that provide THC, CBD and other substances.

While cannbinoids can affect the brain and make people getting high, terpenes are also capable to affect the brain receptors and even give rise to various effects. The six common cannabis terpenes that commonly available are Myrcene, Caryophylene, Linalool, Pinene, Humulene, Limonene, Terpenes. Each of them have different boiling points, aromas, effects, and place where it founds. For example, myrcene can be found in mango, thyme, citrus, lemongrass and bay leaves. Myrcene Terpenes is also have medical benefits as antiseptics, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, and inflammation. By using specific terpenes according to the medical benefits and use them properly, you will be able to gain medical benefits effectively and using them to treat specific disease. However, to ensure to get the best way to use terpente, you might want to get lab-tested products. Otherwise, you will have to rely on your nose to understand how potency a terpentine is.

Then, to get the best method of ingestion of specific terpentine, you should boil no further than the their boiling point. Otherwise, the quality of terpense can be damaged and cannot be used. Therefore, make sure to use “low-heat” device to extract the full benefit and flavor of your terpenes.